Challenges in validating safety critical embedded systems

26 Mar

The approach presented in the paper is used for the testing of safety critical feature of embedded system.

The input and outputs are trained validated and tested via ANN.

While most lower-division courses are offered more than once each year, many MAE upper-division courses are taught only once per year, and courses are scheduled to be consistent with the curricula as shown in the tables. Prerequisites: Phys 2A or 4A, Chem 6A or Chem 6AH, and Math 20B. Freshman Seminars are offered in all campus departments and undergraduate colleges. Enrollment is limited to fifteen to twenty students, with preference given to entering freshmen. Students concentrate on vehicle system design including aerodynamics, structures, propulsion, and performance. Design Competition—Design, Build, and Test Race Car (1) Student teams design, build, and test a formula-style racing car for an international student competition. Independent Study (1) Independent study or research under direction of a member of the faculty. Application of the energy conservation equation to heat transfer in ducts and external boundary layers. Heat transfer coefficients in forced and free convection. Prerequisites: MAE 101A or CENG 101A or CENG 103A, MAE 101B, and MAE 105, or consent of instructor. Intermediate Heat Transfer (4) Course builds on the MAE fluids sequence, offering more advanced concepts in conduction, convection, radiation, and heat exchanger design. Work in teams to propose and design experiments and components, obtain data, complete engineering analysis, and write a report.

When possible, MAE does offer selected large enrollment courses more than once each year. Introduction to Aerospace Engineering (4) An introduction to topics in aeronautical and astronautical engineering including aerodynamics, propulsion, flight mechanics, structures, materials, orbital mechanics, design, mission planning, and environments. Introduction to Engineering Graphics and Design (4) Introduction to design process through a hands-on design project performed in teams. Teams engineering, fabricate the aircraft, submit a design report, and prep aircraft for competition. Students concentrate on vehicle system analysis and design, manufacturability, and performance. Credit may not be received for a course numbered 97, 98, or 99 subsequent to receiving credit for a course numbered 197, 198, or 199. Prerequisites: student must be of first-year standing and a Regent’s Scholar; approved Special Studies form. Introductory Fluid Mechanics (4) Fluid statics; fluid kinematics; integral and differential forms of the conservation laws for mass, momentum, and energy; Bernoulli equation; potential flows; dimensional analysis and similitude. Advanced Fluid Mechanics (4) Laminar and turbulent flow. This course covers numerical methods in conduction, boiling, condensation and evaporation analysis, natural and turbulent convection, spectral and directional radiative transfer, heatpipes, thermal design of spacecraft, heat exchanger analysis and design. Formulation of theories for evaluating forces and moments on airplane geometries. Prerequisites: grades of C– or better in MAE 101A and 101B, or consent of instructor.

The department expects that students will adhere to these policies of their own volition and enroll in courses accordingly. Prerequisites: MAE 101A or CENG 101A; MAE 170 and MAE 122. Environmental Engineering Design (4) Fundamental principles of environmental design. Mechanics I: Statics (4) (Cross-listed with SE 101A.) Statics of particles and rigid bodies in two and three dimensions.

Where these restrictions apply, the registrar will not enroll other students except by department stamp on class enrollment cards. Prerequisites: Math 20B or Math 10A–C, or consent of instructor. Environmental Engineering Laboratory (4) Analysis of experiments in Environmental Engineering: Drag in a water tunnel, shading effects on solar photovoltaic, buoyant plume dispersion in a water tank, atmospheric turbulence, and others. Laboratory report writing; error analysis; engineering ethics.

Students may not receive credit for both MAE 118 and MAE 118A.

Prerequisites: MAE 101A or CENG 101A, or consent of instructor. Introduction to Renewable Energy: Solar and Wind (4) Basic principles of solar radiation—diffuse and direct radiation; elementary solar energy engineering—solar thermal and solar photovoltaic; basic principles of wind dynamics—hydrodynamic laws, wind intermittency, Betz’s law; elementary wind energy engineering; solar and wind energy perspectives; operating the California power grid with 33 percent renewable energy sources. Prerequisites: MAE 122 or 125A or consent of instructor. Flow and Transport in the Environment (4) Introduction to the air and aquatic environments.

Students run existing computer programs and complete some programming in BASIC. In this course, students will perform exercises that increase their spatial visualization skills. Students may not receive credit for SE 7 and MAE 7. Arithmetic and logical operations, arrays, graphical presentation of computations, symbolic mathematics, solutions of equations, and introduction to data structures. Thermodynamics (4) Fundamentals of engineering thermodynamics: energy, work, heat, properties of pure substances, first and second laws for closed systems and control volumes, gas mixtures. Mechanical and electrical properties are discussed. Thermodynamics of mixtures and chemical and phase equilibrium. Students may not receive credit for MAE 110 and MAE 110B. Analysis and design of components for gas turbines, including turbines, inlets, combustion chambers and nozzles. Prerequisites: grades of C– or better in MAE 110A or CENG 102, and MAE 101A or CENG 101A, and MAE 101B or CENG 101C. Turbulent diffusion and dispersion in rivers and in the atmospheric boundary layer. Prerequisites: MAE 101A or CENG 101A, or consent of instructor. Introduction to Transport in Porous Media (4) Introduction to groundwater flow.

Application to engineering systems, power and refrigeration cycles, combustion. Students may not receive credit for MAE 11 and MAE 110A. Computational methods for calculating chemical equilibrium. Enrollment restricted to MC 25, MC 27, and MC 28 majors only. Elementary Plasma Physics (4) (Cross-listed with Physics 151.) Particle motions, plasmas as fluids, waves, diffusion, equilibrium and stability, nonlinear effects, controlled fusion. Prerequisites: Math 20D or 21D, or consent of instructor. Introduction to Energy Systems (4) Overview of present day primary energy sources and availability; fossil fuel, renewable, and nuclear; heat engines; energy conservation, transportation, air pollution, and climate change.