Chatporn no

23 Jun

Bangkok was likely a colloquial name, albeit one widely adopted by foreign visitors, who continued to use it to refer to the city even after the new capital's establishment.

When King Rama I established his new capital on the river's eastern bank, the city inherited Ayutthaya's ceremonial name, of which there were many variants, including Krung Thep Thawarawadi Si Ayutthaya ( Edmund Roberts, visiting the city as envoy of the United States in 1833, noted that the city, since becoming capital, was known as Sia-Yut'hia, and this is the name used in international treaties of the period.

It is an international hub for transport and health care, and has emerged as a regional centre for the arts, fashion and entertainment.

Chatporn no-28Chatporn no-24Chatporn no-85

As the capital, Bangkok was the centre of Siam's modernization as it faced pressure from Western powers in the late 19th century.

In 1915 the monthon was split into several provinces, the administrative boundaries of which have since further changed.

The city in its current form was created in 1972 with the formation of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA), following the merger of Phra Nakhon Province on the eastern bank of the Chao Phraya and Thonburi Province on the west during the previous year.

Five rapid transit lines are now in operation, with more systems under construction or planned by the national government and the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration.

Because of its strategic location near the mouth of the river, the town gradually increased in importance.