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10 Mar

During the 20th century, Japan was heavily involved in commercial whaling.This continued until the International Whaling Commission (IWC) moratorium on commercial whaling went into effect in 1986.However, in March 2014 the UN's International Court of Justice ruled that the Japanese whaling program, called "JARPA II", in the Southern Ocean, including inside the Australian Whale Sanctuary, was not in accordance with the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, and was not for scientific purposes, as it had claimed.In December 2015, Japan went ahead with their whaling program, renamed "NEWREP-A".Even during the age of colonial hegemony, Yemen remained for the most part one of the most secluded regions of the world.Much the same can be said today; few outsiders travel Yemen’s rugged hinterland, many parts of which have been little influenced by central government authority.Japan maintains that annual whaling is sustainable and necessary for scientific study and management of whale stocks, though the Antarctic minke whale populations have declined since the beginning of the JARPA program Archeological evidence in the form of whale remains discovered in burial mounds suggests that whales have been consumed in Japan since the Jōmon period (between c. Without the means to engage in active whaling, consumption at that time primarily stemmed from stranded whales.Techniques were developed in the 17th century in Taiji, Wakayama.

The nets made escape more difficult and, in its struggle to escape, the whale got tired sooner.Japan continued to hunt whales using the scientific research provision in the agreement, and Japanese whaling is currently conducted by the Institute of Cetacean Research.This was allowed under IWC rules, although most IWC members oppose it.These hunts are a source of conflict between pro- and anti-whaling countries and organizations.The UN's International Court of Justice, in addition to other Nations, scientists, and environmental organizations consider the Japanese research program to be unnecessary and lacking scientific merit, and describe it as a thinly disguised commercial whaling operation.